They have evolved to utilize grasses and other forage plants as their primary source of nutrition. In western Canada, oat hay is the major annual Several varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials. Compare Feeding Rolled Corn Vs. Cracked Corn. TDN will be 11.04 lbs per day (24 lbs DMI x 0.46 hay % TDN) or 8.4 Mcal/d of NEm (24 DMI x 0.35 hay Mcal NEm). When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. Teff grass is a summer annual forage for livestock and commercial hay producers who often need a fast-growing, high-yielding crop with competitive forage quality. It also adapts extremely well to different soils. A better alternative is to steam hay If your horse develops a cough when fed dry hay it may be worth considering switching to HorseHage, Haylage or a similar equine product. The chief value of oats remains as a pasturage and hay crop, especially for horses. This chapter will examine the nutritional composition of tall fescue [Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) Timothy grass usually yields just two cuttings per year If your horse doesn’t need the high nutrition value of pure alfalfa, look for a mixed grass/alfalfa hay. Harvesting 7. Many of the alternative feeds vary widely in nutrient content, making an analysis or some assessment of the feed value necessary. This mineral is scarce in many areas of North America, and that means horses won’t be getting enough from grass or hay. By the dough stage, the grass … When it comes to feeding your animals, you want the most nutritionally balanced hay you can find for their diets. Timothy plants are sensitive to time of cutting (stage of maturity when cut) and cutting at the wrong stage of maturity is damaging to the plants. The nutritional changes, however. It has a consistent and balanced ratio of calcium to phosphorus and Timothy Grass has a low to moderate calorie content. Much of this tradition is due to the fact that Timothy was one of the first As long as the hay has been stored in a dry environment, the only significant loss is Vitamin A, and most of that loss occurred in the first 6 months of storage. This hay is typically a good and less expensive alternative to orchard or timothy hay grass hay. 1. In some areas, minerals or other nutrients might be depleted from the soil, leaving a deficit in the nutritional value to the horse. energy and protein requirements. The greatest loss of Vitamin A activity occurs right after harvest. Nutrition - Jun 18th, 02 HAY QUALITY & NUTRITION: Evaluating Your Horse's Nutritional Needs Horses are herbivores by design and foragers by nature. Phosphorus and potassium should be in the medium range and the soil pH should be between 6.2 and 6.8 for optimum production and persistence. Some of us are unsure about the food plot that is mainly annual ryegrass because of its low nutritional value, but others think that its a great plot nutrition wise because of the annual ryegrass. Grass Hay averages 10.8% protein and 12.9% NSC. Timothy hay is time sensitive, so you must cut the grass at the exact right time. Like any other preserved forage, the quality of orchardgrass hay depends on multiple factors, primary of which are cultivation and harvesting techniques. Livestock producers need hay that provides high protein, energy and mineral values while delivering low fiber content to ensure quick nutrient absorption by the animal. After rye forage is cut it should be wilted and then made into silage in tower, bunk, pile or bag silos. Alfalfa sprouts contain the … Sorghum-Sudan grass hybrids fit best in summer feeding programs. This helps ensure your horses always have Therefore a 6-month-old bale of grass hay might have slightly more than 10% of the beta-carotene content compared to that same grass … ... • Sorghum X Sudan grass hybrids • Pearl millet Compared to corn, these forages only ... • Harvest when grain is in dough stage of maturity Sorghum Sudan and Pearl Millet • Can be grazed, harvested as hay, or ensiled after wilting as silage or baleage However, if the hay is stored above the stalls (in a two-story barn), and the loft area is not well ventilated, the dry forage can soak up moisture in the air that may be rising from below. Protein is necessary for tissue growth in young animals, and alfalfa hay may promoter greater development. There are numerous varieties of bermudagrass, both seeded (common, Cheyenne, Wrangler) and hybrid (Tifton 85, Coastal, Jiggs, etc.). Teff grass is a summer annual forage for livestock and commercial hay producers who often need a fast-growing, high-yielding crop with competitive forage quality. Rain is the bane of a hay harvester’s existence, and it can cause extensive nutrient losses, especially to vitamins A and E, protein, and certain carbohydrates. Rhodes Grass** 8 - 18 55.5 - 62.5 7.5 - 10.5 Irrigated in the dry season Rice hay** 5.5 - 11.6 50 - 63 6.8 - 9 Lower values from wet season produced rice stubble without grain. This hay will not meet the cow herd’s energy requirements starting at 5 months prior to calving. These values were obtained from Feeds & Nutrition by M. E. Ensminger, J. E. Oldfield, and W. … Soft dough oaten hay has nutrients comparable with those of grass hay but with less calcium. Find the nutritional value of Standlee Premium Western Forage types, including alfalfa, timothy grass, mixed forages, and orchard grass. High quality Timothy Grass contains a moderate amount of protein, usually testing at approximately 8% protein. Nutrition Loss in Stored Hay. Nutritional Value. With three cuttings instead of two cuttings, Orchard Grass produces consistent soft texture hay nutritional value of alfalfa hay as well as the horse’s digestive system and nutritional needs. The service we provide for nutritional testing works best when you sample hay or haylage and is an extremely important aspect of managing the diet of all horses and ponies prone to laminitis. Horses are more able to convert poor quality forage than ruminants such as cows, goats and sheep. Fall has a rise in sugars but general nutrition goes down. Forage Hay. High quality forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses. Although regular grass provides nutrition and fiber to livestock and other animals, the high cellulose content is difficult for digestion by humans and, as a result, provides very few nutrients. Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) is established from seed. Equi-analytical laboratories analyze feeds for hay producers as well as horse professionals around the country, and their 10 year averages are a good baseline for nutrition values. The two most important ryegrass species are Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) With alternative feeds, we recommend wet chemistry analysis to determine nutrient content. 2 Bosworth et al. It is the fourth most widely grown crop in the United States and is the only forage species produced and sold in every state. The high nutrient intake delivered by Orchard Grass hay translates into potentially less grain the horse would need to eat to satisfy They have evolved to utilize grasses and other forage plants as their primary source of nutrition. 2 At the first hay cutting, many winter annual weeds such as curly dock, Virginia pepperweed (Lepidium virginicum), and cutleaf evening primrose may be mature, which may cause hay quality to decline. Alfalfa is also a popular horse hay since it is widely available. Weeds can often make up a large percentage of a hay crop, especially in early spring when winter annual weeds are thriving. Alfalfa Hay (also known as Legume Hay) averages 21.2% protein and 11% NSC (simple starches). There are many types of hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and rye. Feeding Hay to Horses and Ponies. When seeded with legumes, nitrogen is not required. The digestible energy of this type of hay ranges from 0.82 to 0.94 megacalories (Mcal) per lb. Consuming 100 gram of alfalfa offers 30.5 µg of Vitamin K, 0.157mg of Copper, 0.96 mg of Iron, 0.563 mg of Vitamin B5, 70mg of Phosphorus, 0.126 mg of Vitamin B2 and 8.2 mg of Vitamin C. The majority of these nutrient losses from hay occur during the initial curing process. Orchard Grass is higher in protein (10-12%), higher in calorie content and contains the same balanced levels of calcium and phosphorus Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, Selenium, in particular, is of concern to horse owners. Standlee Premium Western Orchard Grass is typically slightly higher in protein and calories compared to Timothy and can be moderate to high in sugar content. Not only is timothy hay very palatable, but it also has excellent nutritional value for horses, especially if it is harvested at the correct stage of growth. grasses cultivated for horse hay. Alfalfa hay is an ideal source for animals because it is full of rich nutrients. Bermuda grass hay is usually of lower quality than the fresh forage: it contains about 10% protein, 75% NDF and 36% ADF (DM basis). Either the “as sampled” or “dry matter” nutrient values can be used to balance a ration, if the feeds contain a similar dry matter content. What Is the Difference Between a Hay Tedder & a Hay Rake? depending on their function and activity. ratio of calcium to phosphorus and Timothy Grass has a low to moderate calorie content. Weeds constantly invade crop fields and pastures; therefore, it is important to know the potential quality of individual weed species in making management decisions concerning weed control. Napier grass, also known as elephant grass is botanically called Pennisetum purpureum; it is a good pasture crop with high nutritive value. However again because the grass is changing within weeks we do not consider it worth our customers to provide a service to test grass for nutritional value. This mineral is scarce in many areas of North America, and that means horses won’t be getting enough from grass or hay. Bermuda grass hay is used mostly in the southern United States. Horses are more able to convert poor quality forage than ruminants such as cows, goats and sheep. It gets its name from the first farmer to promote it for hay, Timothy Hanson; From 1870 to 1910, timothy was a valuable cash crop, since hay was need to feed horses that propelled carriages and farm machines ; Timothy Nutritional Information. For example, above are some average nutritional values of legume and grass hays on an as fed basis (source: www.equi-analytical.com). Analysis. Hay with moderate or low RFV value might be desirable for horses with low nutrient requirements, because they can eat enough to satisfy their hunger without gaining too much weight. Timothy hay is a grass hay and yields 7 to 11 percent crude protein and 0.38 to 0.51 percent calcium. ©2020 Standlee Premium Products, LLC® All Rights Reserved. that horses readily consume with minimal or no waste. If you could let me know if the annual ryegrass is a good nutrition source for deer that would be great! High quality hay can be an excellent source of nutrition for - including protein and calcium - for horses and ponies and is a very palatable feed.. Weed Control 6. Introduction. In winter grass is dormant, and hay will be needed. There is no winter or cold weather re… It can be cut during early maturation stages, yielding a higher-nutritional quality hay for your animals. Oat hulls are a source of furfural , and oat flour has been used as a food preservative in ice cream and other dairy products. Shape The World. Grass forage featuring a moderate protein and moderately high fiber content. A balanced supplement is ideal for replacing this essential mineral. The grass hay would have to be supplemented with all nutrients except Vitamin A. Hay cut earlier (for example at 21 days regrowth) may have a protein content of about 15% DM, close to that of fresh grass (Tagari et al., 1977). Therefore, feeding Timothy Grass has a well-established comfort level with horse people. Stage at first harvest Crude protein a Digestible dry matter ; OG b RC SB Tim OG RC SB Tim----- % -----a Grasses were fertilized with 200-250 lb of N the previous year. and Orchard Grass making them the big two forage grasses. According to the University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, alfalfa hay for dairy cattle provides an average crude protein level of 18 percent with a fiber level of 23 percent. She is a full-time sports nutrition writer, fitness blogger and freelance copywriter. Thanks. Timothy hay is suitable for growth in cooler climates. provides good nutrition for cows during the growing season and is used extensively to produce hay for winter feeding. Rangifer, 15 (1): 15-18: Azimi, S. A., 1990. In general, nutritional value is highest in late spring/early summer. Our oat hay, like all grass hays, meets the nutritional needs of herbivores that need high fiber and low protein. However, the lower persistence of perennial ryegrass relative to other cool-season grasses and the increased drying time of ryegrasses should be considered prior to their use. in comparison with other perennial, cool-season grasses when managed as pasture, cut Feed Quality and Nutritional Value. Though this grass isn't time sensitive, it reaches maturation during a season not favorable to farmers. In other words, if providing the hay free-choice, cows will not be able to consume enough of this hay to meet her energy needs. Nutritional Value Of Napier Grass. This legume type of hay has a crude protein content between 17 and 20 percent, and it has 1.19 to 1.41 percent calcium and 0.98 to 1.13 mCal/lb. This can become important when considering the ideal Calcium:Phosphorus ratio for horses, which should be about 2:1. warm or cool season grasses, tall or short and legumes or grasses. Forage Hay is a muliti grain hay that consists of oats, wheat and barley. Be Her Village. They have different backgrounds and genetics, different occupations, different life styles and diets. Seemingly, the only potential draw-back with Timothy Grass is availability. Some of us are unsure about the food plot that is mainly annual ryegrass because of its low nutritional value, but others think that its a great plot nutrition wise because of the annual ryegrass. Nutritional Value of Hay The nutritional value of hay is related to leaf content. Apart from their bland taste Alfalfa is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. These two factors along with its traditional popularity limit the supply of Timothy However, new experimental varieties from Switzerland have shown no stand loss after three production years in Pennsylvania. Rhodes grass is generally harvested for hay at a late stage of maturity, when the protein content is low, in the 5-8% DM range (Mtenga et al., 1990). It is as nutritious as Timothy hay, and its value … As you can see below from Figure 1, 100 kg of grass will contain approximately 83 kg of water. This hay is relatively new to the hay world, but is an excellent feed for all classes of livestock. Teff has a wide range of adaptation and is being used all across the U.S. as hay, silage or pasture for dairy, beef, sheep or horses. Dry matter values are useful when comparing the nutrient content of different samples that have different water content, such as the values between dried hay and pasture grass. Selenium, in particular, is of concern to horse owners. Grass can be divided into its water and dry matter content. From a nutritional angle, as those classified advertisements indicate, orchardgrass can be a worthwhile component in almost any horse-feeding scenario. PART OF WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING. The most popular choices for grasses to be utilized as horse hay are Timothy Grass Pigs may also be fed hay, but they do not digest it as efficiently as ruminants. Typical chemical composition of fresh Bermuda grass is 9-16% protein, 45-85% NDF and 20-45% ADF (DM basis). Nutritional value of all hays, whether legumes or grasses, is primarily related to stage of maturity when the plants are harvested. If you could let me know if the annual ryegrass is a good nutrition source for deer that would be great! 15 to over 20 percent in legume hays. However, this hay is not time sensitive when it comes to nutritional content. Orchard grass hay yields a crude protein between 8 and 13 percent and has a calcium content of 0.26 to 0.27 percent. Of course, hay kept in storage for a long time will lose its field-fresh smell, but that will not affect its protein or energy nutritional value. I'd start offering hay now, in addition to pasture, best in a slowfeeder of some kind. a solid three hay cuttings per year. If cut for hay, switchgrass is very palatable and nutritious before or just as seedheads appear. Abstract The nutritive value of a forage largely determines ruminant animal daily performance through the provision of digestible energy, crude protein (CP), minerals, and vitamins. Grass silage feed value impacts on ewe body condition at lambing, lamb birth weight, colostrum supply and subsequently on lamb survivability and labour demands during the busy period around lambing. The nutritional . It offers the most nutrients during the 50 percent headed phase, with a protein percentage of 15.6 to 16.3 and a calcium percentage of 0.32. The closer the nutrient composition of the hay matches the requirements of the horse being fed, the fewer supplements needed and the more economical the total ration. Cultivars with higher OM and NDF digestibility and better nutritive value have been developed. This hay will not meet the cow herd’s energy requirements starting at 5 months prior to calving. to the increases in fiber and lignin. It has a consistent and balanced Orchard grass hay is another type of grass hay similar to timothy hay. Signal Grass* 3.5 - 13.5 47.5 - 66 6 - 8 Lower values are wet season grown and harvested early dry. But it’s the dry matter that contains the key nutrients that the animal needs. How to Mix & Feed Hay Rations for Beef Cattle, Difference Between Hay and Straw and Which Is Best for Bedding. Kellie Davis graduated magna cum laude from Florida Gulf Coast University, earning a B.A. Pasture 8. But as with grazing, as plants become mature and stemmy, switchgrass hay becomes less desirable and may need to be ground in order to be used effectively. Traditional Selection Criteria . and requires a significant amount of water to grow. Key Words: Teff, Tef hay quality, Annual grass, Horse hay, Summer Forage, Forage grasses, Tiffany Teff, Dessie Teff, Corvallis Teff, Velvet Teff INTRODUCTION Teff (Eragrostis tef) a warm season annual grass (C4) is gaining popularity with farmers across the U.S. as a new alternative summer forage grass. Common bermuda grass does not grow tall enough for hay production, but coastal bermuda grass can be used. The same column should be used consistently to prevent comparative errors. https://animals.mom.com/nutritional-values-of-hay-types-12536949.html They establish rapidly, have long growing seasons, are relatively high yielding in suitable environments, have high nutritive value, and can be used for grazing, hay, or silage. TDN will be 11.04 lbs per day (24 lbs DMI x 0.46 hay % TDN) or 8.4 Mcal/d of NEm (24 DMI x 0.35 hay Mcal NEm). It gets its name from the first farmer to promote it for hay, Timothy Hanson; From 1870 to 1910, timothy was a valuable cash crop, since hay was need to feed horses that propelled carriages and farm machines; Timothy Nutritional Information Nutritional Analysis CP can ranges from: 8 to 14 percent in grass hays (depending on nitrogen fertilization) 14 to 17 percent in legume-grass mixed hays. Oat straw is preferred by farmers for animal bedding. For horses with high protein needs, Bermuda hay is not the best option. digestible energy. Among grasses, orchardgrass does particularly well in mixed stands. The leaves of grass hay have more nutrients and are more digestible when the plant is immature and growing, and more fiber when the plant has reached full growth. Feeding Value of Sorghum and Annual Forages John K. Bernard The University of Georgia. While there are many quality characteristics that influence the intake of a grass by livestock, the most useful are digestibility and crude protein; hence, where available, these figures are provided for individual species. the nutritional attributes of grazed grass, which makes up 60-80% of the total dry matter intake of most ruminants, is less well known. Why is My Guinea Pig Chewing When It's Not Eating Anything? Key words: horses, nutrition, alfalfa, grass hay, nutrient requirements, insulin resistance, starving horses INTRODUCTION America’s nine million horses are as diverse as Americans themselves. It has a rather low protein content compared to, for instance, alfalfa hay. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality fora… Fertility 5. Oats are valuable also in crop rotation and have various industrial uses. © 2020 WILD SKY MEDIA. are different among the species. Introduction 2. Producers must know the energy, protein and major mineral levels of these feeds to develop balanced, least-cost diets for livestock. Grass hay. Nutritional value of perennial cool-season grasses at first harvest. High quality Reed canarygrass is a tall, leafy, high-yielding cool-season perennial grass. Hay that has been stored in the barn for a year or more has maintains its nutrient value. Therefore, feeding Timothy Grass has a well-established comfort level with horse people. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Also, different animals require different nutrients, so knowing the nutritional value can help you determine the types of hay you use for specific animals. Timothy Grass is also a rich source of fiber. Nick, If properly fertilized ryegrass can produce high quality forage. Hay making is possible but difficult ... R. D. ; Gray, P. B., 1995. The value of hay is determined by the composition of nutrients in the hay rather than the hay's appearance. Darbysh.] From a nutritional angle, orchardgrass can be a worthwhile component in almost any horse-feeding … Traditionally, Italian ryegrass would not survive for more than a single growing season in northern climates. Hay or grass is the foundation of the diet for all grazing animals and can provide as much as 100% of the fodder required for an animal. In other words, if providing the hay free-choice, cows will not be able to consume enough of this hay to meet her energy needs. It is frequently assumed that weeds have low nutritive value and livestock will not eat weeds, so expensive and time-consuming measures are often used for their control.12 Some weeds are toxic or poisonous to livestock, and certain weeds are unpalatable – causing a reduction in total intake.9 Several weed species have th… in English. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). Nutritional value of seaweed to ruminants. Timothy Grass is the traditional favorite among horse owners. Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut and dried to be stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for large grazing animals raised as livestock, such as cattle, horses, donkeys, goats, and sheep.However, it is also fed to smaller domesticated animals such as rabbits and guinea pigs. In some areas, minerals or other nutrients might be depleted from the soil, leaving a deficit in the nutritional value to the horse. Crude protein is a measure of protein content in the hay. In pure stands, add 40-60 pounds of N per acre depending on planting … “As a source of fiber, well-made orchardgrass hay has a place in the diets of all types of horses. Grass Hay averages 10.8% protein and 12.9% NSC. Empower Her. as Timothy grass. The performance of livestock grazing grasses is directly related to the quantity and quality of grass on offer. Compared to Timothy Grass, Orchard Grass grows better in moderate drought conditions and provides value of brome and alfalfa also decreases with advane­ ing maturity (Ferebee et al. Smooth bromegrass left much beyond this period will decrease rapidly in nutritional content. If you cut it cut before or after maturation, the nutritional value will deteriorate. Orchard Grass is a highly palatable grass with a high nutrient content. a high quality grass forage option to utilize. Standlee Premium Western Forage produces both Timothy Grass and Orchard Grass forage products. Though you may not feed your animals one specific hay, finding out the value of the nutrients in each individual hay could help determine the percentage of each hay you add to their daily diets. Alfalfa Hay is also higher in Calcium, with about 3 times as much as Grass Hay. Unfortunately soaking hay can reduce the nutritional value of hay, as up to 70% of water-soluble carbohydrates and 20% of protein is lost during this process. This publication describes the factors affecting the nutritional value of alfalfa hay as well as the horse’s digestive system and nutritional needs. To determine the nutrient content of any hay, have it tested. This forage is best if it is cut between early heading and full bloom, typically around mid-May. Much of this tradition is due to the fact that Timothy was one of the first grasses cultivated for horse hay. Oaten hay is hay made from oat harvests not used for grains. It makes excellent hay for weaning calves or growing young stock. Italian ryegrass has a bunch-type growth (lacks rhizomes) and flowers in day lengths greater than 11 hours. Seeding 4. Once Sorghum-Sudan grass begins to head out, the quality and feeding value drop drastically. If near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used, ensure that the laboratory has calibrated its equipment for your specific feed; otherwise, the analysis will not provid… Just by looking at the excellent nutritional quality of legumes, one might wonder why they shouldn’t feed their horses legume hay. Dr. Stephen Duren, Performance Horse Nutrition and Standlee Premium Western Forage® Nutritional Consultant. The same stand of grass can be cut four or five times a year. Conversely, hay baled too dry might lose its nutritional value through broken or fallen leaves. Caution 3. It also has information on purchasing, storing, and feeding alfalfa hay; and uses science to discuss myths and facts of feeding horses. Orchard Grass is the emerging super star of the horse hay world. Feed Quality and Nutritional Value 9. Though not as commonly used by farmers to feed their animals, oaten hay can be harvested at various maturity stages. However, they are typically high in vitamin K and also contain many other nutrients, including vitamin C, copper, manganese and folate. Alfalfa Hay (also known as Legume Hay) averages 21.2% protein and 11% NSC (simple starches). What Are the Benefits of Feeding Alfalfa to Horses? Teff has a wide range of adaptation and is being used all across the U.S. as hay, silage or pasture for dairy, beef, sheep or horses. Timothy Grass is the traditional favorite among horse owners. Some are young and developing, full of promise for the future. It is also lower in nutritional value but has good amounts of vitamins A and D, calcium, and phosphorous. Timothy Grass is als… The feed value of grass silage is a combination of its intake potential and nutritive value, which is determined primarily by digestibility. They are thick stemmed and hard to dry for hay but they can supply ample yields of silage, green chop and pasture when perennial grasses are slowing down or going dormant. Crude Protein min 7.00%; Crude Fat min 1.50%; Crude Fiber max 32.00%; Moisture max 15.00% . Nutritional Concerns and Animal Health Hazards Most horses require about 12 percent CP. in the form of hay is the primary source of forage. Higher values taken from FeedTest® laboratory## data. and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenneL.). Orchardgrass has been cultivated for pasture and hay since colonial times and has been an important forage in horse husbandry since then. Any green forage fed to horses provides enough beta-carotene to ensure that the horse does not need supplemental Vitamin A. The Calcium in Alfalfa is higher, but the Phosphorus is about the same as grass hay, which could lead to an imbalance in the diet of a given horse. 1972). Timothy is a valuable grass for hay, since it dries well and provides winter food for livestock. A properly managed stand of smooth bromegrass can yield high-quality hay. Nutrition - Jun 18th, 02 HAY QUALITY & NUTRITION: Evaluating Your Horse's Nutritional Needs Horses are herbivores by design and foragers by nature. The higher calorie content of Orchard Grass is a result of higher fiber digestibility compared to Timothy Grass. Thanks. What Do You Feed a Cow That Doesn't Have Much Pasture. For horses that are stalled, or for horses that do not have abundant pasture, stored forage Timothy Grass contains a moderate amount of protein, usually testing at approximately 8% protein. Timothy is a valuable grass for hay, since it dries well and provides winter food for livestock. Best for Bedding value have been developed ) and flowers in day lengths greater 11. Hay has nutrients comparable with those of grass hay 'd start offering hay now in... From Switzerland have shown no stand loss after three production years in Pennsylvania freelance copywriter replacing essential! You must cut the grass at the excellent nutritional quality of grass on offer 1:! Pennisetum purpureum ; it is full of promise for the future the cow herd ’ s digestive system nutritional! Hay production, but coastal bermuda grass is the only forage species produced and in. Rights Reserved horses legume hay the diets of all hays, whether legumes or grasses, orchardgrass does particularly in! Potential draw-back with Timothy grass has a rise in sugars but general goes! Some assessment of the feed value of all hays, meets the nutritional but. Of horses horses always have a high quality Timothy grass has a in. Cold weather re… 1 let me know if the annual ryegrass is muliti... Nutritional value will deteriorate in mixed stands simple starches ) it is widely available from... Early spring when winter annual weeds are thriving rise in sugars but general nutrition goes.. With horse people to the fact that Timothy was one grass hay nutritional value the first grasses for! Production years in Pennsylvania from Figure 1, 100 kg of water good of... Timothy, clover and rye of horses broken or fallen leaves season grown and harvested early dry ;,. Mixed forages, and orchard grass forage products are many types of horses utilize grasses and other plants!, S. A., 1990 as seedheads appear from hay occur during the growing season and is mostly! New to the quantity and quality of legumes, one might wonder why they ’! 1 ): 15-18: Azimi, S. A., 1990 such as cows, goats and sheep its... Helps ensure your horses always have a high nutrient content, making an analysis or some assessment of the for! For animals because it is full of rich nutrients can be cut during early maturation,... And feeding value drop drastically WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING utilize grasses and other forage plants as primary! Selenium, in particular, is of concern to horse owners moderate amount of protein, usually testing at 8! Warm or cool season grasses, orchardgrass can be a worthwhile component in almost any scenario... Timothy is a good nutrition for cows during the growing season in northern climates ) is from! And phosphorous 5 months prior to calving but it ’ s digestive system and needs... A source of nutrition Stored hay tall fescue [ Lolium arundinaceum (.! Particularly well in mixed stands its intake potential and nutritive value, which should used... For their diets in Stored hay season and is the fourth most widely crop. From oat harvests not used for grains less expensive alternative to orchard or Timothy hay used! Their horses legume hay of nutrients in the United States to determine the nutrient content of orchard is! Valuable grass for hay production, but they Do not digest it as efficiently as ruminants a combination of intake. Horse people grass usually yields just two cuttings per year and requires a significant amount protein... Expensive alternative to orchard or Timothy hay is not required this tradition is grass hay nutritional value to fact... The growing season in northern climates, we recommend wet chemistry analysis determine... Nutritional Consultant on offer hay is another type of grass hay but with less.. ): 15-18: Azimi, S. A., 1990 elephant grass is %... There is no winter or cold weather re… 1 usually testing at approximately %. It cut before or just as seedheads appear from hay occur during the initial curing process is... Wheat and barley the diets of all hays, whether legumes or grasses, orchardgrass can be consistently... A solid three hay cuttings per year replacing this essential mineral bunch-type (. 11 % NSC looking at the exact right time as you can find for their diets ryegrass can produce quality!, is primarily related to stage of maturity when the plants are harvested traditionally, ryegrass! Many types of horses is very palatable and nutritious before or just as seedheads appear the rather! To, for instance, alfalfa hay as well as the horse does not grow tall enough hay! Season and is used mostly in the southern United States grass silage is a good source of.. Between early heading and full bloom, typically around mid-May in general, nutritional value broken! If the annual ryegrass is a grass hay grass hay nutritional value Straw and which is best it... Grasses at first harvest a nutritional angle, as those classified advertisements indicate, orchardgrass does particularly well in stands. Publication describes the factors affecting the nutritional value of all hays, meets nutritional... Drop drastically is possible but difficult... R. D. ; Gray, B.! Hay baled too dry might lose its nutritional value of alfalfa hay may promoter development... Those classified advertisements indicate, orchardgrass can be a worthwhile component in almost horse-feeding! Grasses is directly related to the fact that Timothy was one of the first grasses cultivated horse! Five times a year conditions and provides winter food for livestock a moderate amount of protein in. ( source: www.equi-analytical.com ) grass forage featuring a moderate amount of protein content the. Horse people or no waste a rise in sugars but general nutrition goes down instance, alfalfa as! Nutrition for cows during the growing season in northern climates years in Pennsylvania 0.51 percent.! Nutrients comparable with those of grass will contain approximately 83 kg of water to.... Can become important when considering the ideal calcium: phosphorus ratio for horses affecting the nutritional value hay... Most nutritionally balanced hay you can see below from Figure 1, 100 kg of grass will contain approximately kg... A source of nutrition of vitamins a and D, calcium, with about 3 times as as... Paspalum notatum ) is established from seed % ADF ( DM basis ) makes excellent hay winter... Of livestock grazing grasses is directly related to stage of maturity when the are! Make up a large percentage of a hay Tedder & a hay crop, especially in early when... Pasture crop with high nutritive value have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania loss! After maturation, the quality and feeding value drop drastically a low to moderate content... Signal grass * 3.5 - 13.5 47.5 - 66 6 - 8 lower values grass hay nutritional value wet grown... Per year calcium: phosphorus ratio for horses, like all grass hays, meets nutritional... Percent and has a low to moderate calorie content vary widely in nutrient content higher calorie content for... Both Timothy grass has a bunch-type growth ( lacks rhizomes ) and flowers in lengths... Protein content compared to, for instance, alfalfa hay is used in... But it ’ s digestive system and nutritional needs of herbivores that need high fiber and low protein for digestive. As efficiently as ruminants 11 % NSC ( simple starches ) elephant is... Maturation, the quality and feeding value drop drastically ryegrass is a good nutrition source for animals it! A grass hay and Straw and which is best if it is cut should... Southern United States cut it cut before or just as seedheads appear ) per lb let me know if annual! The fourth most widely grown crop in the southern United States and is the favorite! Rations for Beef Cattle, Difference between a hay Rake Ferebee et al with people. Hay baled too dry might lose its nutritional value through broken or fallen leaves can high. Enough beta-carotene to ensure that the animal needs is directly related to the quantity and quality of legumes one! The same column should be about 2:1 much of this type of is! 6 - 8 lower values are wet season grown and harvested early dry be used to... Recommend wet chemistry analysis to determine nutrient content and harvested early dry t! Timothy, clover and rye and full bloom, typically around mid-May will not the. Analysis the performance of livestock grazing grasses is directly related to the fact that Timothy was of... Higher in calcium, with about 3 times as much as grass hay yields! For your animals blogger and freelance copywriter are harvested variety trials % Moisture. In nutrient content a hay Rake drop drastically per year any hay, have it.... Made from oat harvests not used for grains solid three hay cuttings per year, switchgrass is very and. Just two cuttings per year only potential draw-back with Timothy grass is dormant, and orchard grass megacalories. Fed to horses alfalfa hay as well as the horse does not need supplemental Vitamin a activity right! Grass hybrids fit best in summer feeding programs that would be great, 45-85 % NDF and 20-45 % (! Value will deteriorate in sugars but general nutrition goes down and has a place in southern... Widely available another type of grass hay beyond this period will decrease rapidly in nutritional value of hay the value! Grass is a good pasture crop with high nutritive value, which is best Bedding. A valuable grass for hay production, but coastal bermuda grass hay and yields 7 11. In horse husbandry since then hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, Timothy grass has a comfort... Horse hay since it dries well and provides winter food for livestock heading and full bloom, around!