Xi'an Mosque: An Ancient Mosque with Chinese Architecture - See 1,555 traveler reviews, 1,541 candid photos, and great deals for Xi'an, China, at Tripadvisor. When you enter the second courtyard, you can find two towering steles carved with Chinese calligraphy. Mosque in Xi'an Image by CHRIS TAYLOR / 500PX Bigger than many temples in China, the Great Mosque is a gorgeous blend of Chinese and Islamic architecture and one of the most fascinating sacred sites in the land. Besides architectural magnificence, Xian Great Mosque also has some rare calligraphic and textual gems too. The Great Mosque of Xian is the largest and best preserved of the early mosques of China. In a well-arranged layout there are four courtyards, each 1,200 square meter in area with gardens all around. The Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil was commissioned by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil. The mosque is still being used as a place for praying mostly by Hui people and other Chinese Muslims. There is a prayer hall from the Southern Song Dynasty Near the third courtyard named Chixiu Hall. The area includes four courtyards and occupies around 129,000 square feet (12,000 square meters). The only things that could intrigue your suspicion are the Arabic carvings. It’s a sacred place representing a mixture of Chinese and Islamic architecture. Take a bus to one of the many nearby stops. Great Mosque of Mecca, mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, built to enclose the Ka‘bah, the holiest shrine in Islam. Xian Great Mosque is a complex with different sections inside. Xian Great Mosque is also a very beautiful place in spring when the magnolias are blooming in white and pink. RELATED READING: 5 Best Dishes in Xi’an. The Great Mosque of Xi'an (Chinese: 西安大清真寺; pinyin: Xī Ān Dà Qīng Zhēn Sì) is the largest mosque in China. The majority of the mosque was built during the early Ming dynasty. We are sorry, we are still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE. The architecture of the Xian Great Mosque. Although the mosque was founded back then, the remaining parts today are mostly from Ming and Qing Dynasties. © 2020 Trip Ways LLC. Linking China to the Roman Empire, the Silk Road exposed Xi’an to an influx of goods, cultures and religions. In the 20th century it … It makes sense that the first place of worship for muslims, the house of the Prophet Muhammad, inspired the earliest type of mosque – the hypostyle mosque. You can even see verses of Quran in both Chinese and Arabic which is a scene not to be missed. Many Muslims settle… Huajuexiang Mosque; Variant names. Islam entered China with Arab and Persian traders on the sea routes from India and Southeast Asia in the first century of Islam, the seventh century CE. The Great Mosque has five courtyards leading into each other, its style is Chinese with an Arab influence. Xi’an Mosque Phoenix Pavilion (source: Isaac Torrontera) The mosque has gradually become a large and beautiful complex part of the Xi’an historical architecture, and very much deserving of the time spent touring it. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia, is an archetypal example of the hypostyle mosque. If you visit the halls near this area, you can find they are filled with furniture, sculptures, Arabic calligraphy, etc. The architecture of the Xian Great Mosque. The great mosque is located in a district called the Muslim Quarter, which is inhabited by over 20,000 Muslims. This item appears in the following Collection(s) Aga Khan Visual Archive Images of architecture, urbanism, and the built environment in the Islamic world The Great Mosque in Xi'an is one of the oldest, largest and best-preserved Islamic mosques in China. The names are Qing Xiu Dian (Place of Meditation), Xing Xin Ting (Pavilion for Introspection), and Sheng Xin Lou (Tower of the Visiting Heart). The reason for building the Xian Great Mosque lies with the commercial exchanges that the Chinese had with people from the Middle East. Walk to the nearby Muslim Quarter to see how Islamic traditions remain in this city. It continued to be used until 1278 when it was partially destroyed during the Hulag… Originally built in 742 AD in Tang Dynasty (618 – 907 AD), Great Mosque of Xi'an combined Islamic culture with Chinese traditional architecture seamlessly and became most featured and renowned mosques in China. Xian Great Mosque The History of Xian Great Mosque. Built primarily in the Ming Dynasty when Chinese architectural elements were synthesized into mosque architecture, the mosque resembles a fifteenth century Buddhist temple with … Inside the mosque will leave you in awe. Today there are over 39,000 mosques in China, 25,000 of these are in Xinjiang, a north-west autonomous region, having a high density of one mosque per 500 muslims. all preserved like a museum. The names chosen for the courtyards contribute to the tranquility of the Xian Great Mosque complex. : 128 An active place of worship within Xi'an Muslim Quarter, this courtyard complex is also a popular tourist site. Media in category "Great Mosque of Xi'an" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. Nearby attractions include the Drum Tower, Xi’an Huancheng Park and Lianhu Park. Here you can see Islamic stele in multiple languages including Arabic, Persian, and Chinese. When you see Xian Great Mosque, you can see that even the minarets are like Chinese pagodas. If you are curious about the course of history and its events, you can find some known Chinese figures who come from this line of events like beloved national Chinese figure, Zheng He whose ancestor was Ajall Shams al-Din Omar from the city of Bukhara in modern-day Uzbekistan. Xian Great Mosque is a sanctuary for Muslims, but as you know already, it features classic Chinese temple features too. When you enter the fourth courtyard you will face a hexagonal pavilion named “Phoenix Pavilion” which looks like a phoenix with its wings spread toward the sides. All Rights Reserved. A total of 80,000 Muslims could worship there at the same time. It is a large, rectangular stone mosque with a hypostyle (supported by columns) hall an… The Great Mosque of Xian is the largest and best preserved of the early mosques of China. Muslims had a crucial effect on the unification of China especially during the Yuan and Ming Dynasties. The mosque, 13,000 sq meters in size, rectangle in shape, boasts four exquisite courtyards and the holy Prayer Hall. The Great Mosque in Xi'an is one of the most prominent symbols of Islamic culture in China. The Tang Dynasty era was a period filled with peace, trade, influx, and freedom of religion. Built entirely in the architectural Chinese style, the compound of the Great Mosque of Xi’an spreads over 12,000 square meters. Here you will see another mixture of Islamic architecture and the Chinese one. Typing a term in the Research bar performs an anywhere search. Huajuexiang Mosque Restoration (Variant) Great Mosque of Xian (Variant) Date 1368-1398, restored 1980 Style period Hui Associated names. If you continue your path from the Phoenix Pavilion you will reach the large turquoise-roofed Prayer Hall left since the Ming Dynasty, This area is about 14,000 square feet (1,300 square meters) and is filled with hanging lanterns and Chinese plaques which show the Islamic belief. Accurate or not, it is true that the oldest Chinese Islam… A mixture of Chinese and Arabic styling, the Great Mosque of Xi’an (西安大清真寺 Xī’ān Dà Qīngzhēnsì) is a direct representation of the Silk Road itself. We were unaware that the most awe-inspiring part of our trip was still ahead of us, at the eastern terminus of the famed Silk Road. Find the Drum Tower and walk through northwest direction for about 5 minutes to find the mosque. Use the advanced tools below to narrow the parameters of your search. Also, there is a picture of “Mecca”, Muslim city in Saudi Arabia, as well as around 20 inscriptions written in Arabic and Chinese. Next lesson. So, at the time of visiting Xi’an, don’t forget to take a look at this amazing mosque and share your ideas with us. There is an engraved stone tablet inside Xian Great Mosque which states it was built in 742 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The entire mosque complex is a brilliant blend of Islamic and Chinese architecture. Pyxis of al-Mughira. In this area, you can find many other mosques as well as Muslim food and souvenir markets. Metro line 2 helps you to reach the Bell Tower station. But the buildings' Islamic function becomes clear on closer inspection, with the usual figurative decoration mostly replaced by Arabic and Chinese calligraphy. Email. Please use another browser for the best experience with our site. Gate of the Great Mosque in Xian: Great Mosque is still used by Chinese Muslims (mainly the Hui people) today as a place of worship. A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the religion of Islam. Xian Great Mosque is a complex with different sections inside. One of the stone tablets inside the mosque says that it was constructed in 742 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907) -- though much of what you see today is from the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Xian Great Mosque is rather old dating back to the 8th century under the rule of the Tang Dynasty. Photos and description of the architecture of the Great Mosque, Xian, China Architectural Society of China (architect/planner) Huajuexiang Mosque (client) Building type religious Building usage mosque Keywords restoration and conservation Coordinates Deep inside the Xian Great Mosque. Great Mosque of Xi'an: | | ||| | A walkway in the Great Mosque of Xi'an | ... 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