Sher Shah introduced a number of reforms in the fields of revenue. Here, we are giving the summary of the administration of Sher Shah Suri, which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive exams. For the first time during the … Mention the chief features of the land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah Suri. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the basis of estimated produce from the land but this system did not seem to be faultless as the produce was not constantly the same. The land of each peasant was measured first in “bighas” and then half of it was fixed as the land tax. Sher Shah Suri introduced a schedule of rates for land-tax and other taxes and also ordered to undertake an accurate yearly survey of cultivated lands. He aimed at introducing a system of Land Revenue where the cultivator was asked to pay primarily in kind one-third of the expected produce of the crop from the land under cultivation. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and … Sher Shah changed the system of assessment of land revenue and also introduced some improvements in the methods of its collection. He was the grand son of Ibrahim Sur and the son of Hussain. Must Read: The Revenue System under Mughal Administration. The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. treasury, to be on the safe side, so that the collecting officers might not charge them any extra money. He introduced the currency of rupee. To save the peasants from being cheated, they were given a written record of their sown area, type of crop and the payable revenue. - 16915940 His Revenue system was excellent and hence Akbar’s administrative reforms were modelled after him. He aimed at introducing a system of Land Revenue where the cultivator was asked to pay primarily in kind one-third of the expected produce of the crop from the land under cultivation. But suitable subsidy was granted to the farmers in the time of drought, famine or floods from the royal treasury. This is known as ‘Patta’. Administration of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. Who was defeated by Humayun in 1555 by the battle of Sirhindh. The settlement made between the Govt. Coins of Sher Shah Suri The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. Sher Shah occupied the throne of Delhi for not more than five years, but his reign proved to … The subjects of Sher Shah used to Kabul (Promise) that they should pay taxes in lieu of Patta. The last Sur ruler was Sikkandar Shah Sur. According to More land  in certain portions of the empire such as Multan the land tax was however one-fourth of the total produce. Learners at any stage of their preparation will be benefited by the course. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … The land of … Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the organizer of the Suri Empire in the northern piece of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in cutting edge Bihar. Sher Shah introduced a new system of Lr assistance known as the Zabti system. 4. By killing a tiger alone he got the title ‘Sher’. II) Sher Shah’s Revenue System Sher Shah’s reputation as an administrative reformer depends larger on his land revenue system which he shaped on the basis of his experience in the jagir of Sasaram (his father’s Jagir). Communication System During the times of Sher Shah Suri :-Sher Shah Suri was a great reformer and administrator. The currency system had debased. His grandfather, Ibrahim Khan Suri and his father Hasan Khan Suri migrated from Afghanistan to India during the reign of Sultan Bahlot Lodi (1451-1489). Central Administrative Structure (under the Mughals) As a revenue unit, a pargana consists of several mouzas, which are the smallest revenue units, consisting of one or more villages and the surrounding countryside. also. His original name was Farid Khan. The main sources of income of the state were the land-revenue, unclaimed property, trade-tax, mint, salt-tax, khams, viz. Early Life of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah was called Farid when he was a child and was born in 1472 A.D. at the age of twenty two Sher Shah fled to Jaunpur which was the center of learning at that time, studied there for three years, acquired knowledge of Arabic and Persian and was able to impress Jalal Khan, the master of his father … However, some historians and scholars point out certain defects in the revenue system of Sher Shah. The nobles were afraid of indulging in activities not conducive to the stability of the rule of the Sultan. Here, we … The Ruler Who Changed India. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. Sher Shah, as he was not born in a royal family, had to make his way in life through adversity. He is regarded as the forerunner of Akbar. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. But suitable subsidy was granted to the farmers in the time of drought, famine or floods from the royal treasury. Sher Shah Suri original name was Farid. one fifth of the plunder taken during the time of war, Jizya and presents from subordinate rulers, governors, nobles, traders etc. and the peasants. Sher Shah Suri (AD 1540-1545) He founded the second Afghan dynasty (first Lodi dynasty). Sher Shah Suri was one of the Greatest Rulers of Medieval India. The nobles were afraid of indulging in activities not conducive to the stability of the rule of the Sultan. who was Sher shah suri? Secondly, it is said that as the land revenue was fixed on the average produce of each bigha of good, average and inferior land, the owner of good land always stood to gain while owners of inferior land was always the loser. Thirdly, it is said that as the convention of land revenue from kind to cash always depended on the Central Government, it always led to delay in the collection of land revenue. The share of the government was fixed at one – third Of the average produce of the three kinds of land viz good, middle And bad. Sher Shah was one of the greatest administrator and rulers of the medieval India. Engineer’s Day in India: Origin, Significance, Celebrations, Great Kings of Sangama Dynasty of Vijaynagar Empire I Sangama Empire, WHERE THERE IS A WILL THERE IS A WAY ESSAY, Mauryan Administration System (Mauryan Government), Short Paragraph on Importance of Good Health, Top 21 Motivational Quotes About Strength, Sai Baba Teaching’s : Whosoever is destined…. According to Abbas Khan, the cars of those soldiers, who disregarded these orders, were cut off. During this short period he had not as yet tested his reforms when the cruel clutches of death ended his life. Shēr Shah of Sūr, original name Farīd Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. It increased or decreased year after year. On he basis of the fertility of soil Lands were divided into three categories Good, Middle and Bad. This arrangement of Sher Shah was as reasonable as was adopted not by Akbar only but was followed by the British Govt. Sher Shah was the first Muslim ruler who got the land measured and fixed the amount of the land revenue. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. MERITS OF LAND REVENUE SYSTEM Shershah is known to have made a systematic survey and measurement of the entire cultivable land of his empire using a unit called Sikandari… It increased or decreased year after year. His empire occupied the whole of North India except Assam, Gujarat, Kashmir, and Nepal. His was an enlightened despotism. What is Fresh Water and How can we conserve it? Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the […] Sher Shah saved his country from the ill-effects of the arbitrary land revenue system and he laid the foundation of the policy of co-­operation between the Govt. Rai was average of three rates representing good, middle and low yields. Each and every peasant was given the option to pay the land-tax either in cash of in kind. Strict orders had been issued to the revenue authorities that leniency might be shown while fixing the land tax, but strictness in the collection thereof should be the inevitable rule. His grandfather came to Indiain search of employment in the time of Bahlol Lodhi and joined services in the Punjab. What are the main Waste Disposal Methods? 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